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Testbank for Single Case Experimental Designs: Strategies for Studying Behavior Change, 3/E

By: David H. Barlow , Matthew K. Nock , Michael Hersen
ISBN-10: 205474551
/ ISBN-13: 9780205474554

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Format: Downloadable ZIP Fille
Authors: David H. Barlow , Matthew K. Nock , Michael Hersen
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Table of contents:

Preface ix
Epigram xi
The Single-case in Basic and Applied Research: A Historical Perspective 1
1.1 Introduction 1
1.2 Beginnings in Experimental Physiology and Psychology 2
1.3 Origins of the Group Comparison Approach 5
1.4 Development of Applied Research: The Case Study Method 8
1.5 Limitations of the Group Comparison Approach 14
1.6 Alternatives to the Group Comparison Approach 17
1.7 The Scientist-Practitioner Split 21
1.8 A Return to the Individual 23
1.9 The Experimental Analysis of Behavior 29
2. General Issues in a Single-case Approach 32
2.1. Introduction 32
2.2 Variability 33
2.3 Experimental Analysis of Sources of Variability Through Improvised
Designs 39
2.4 Behavior Trends and Intrasubject Averaging 45
2.5 Relation of Variability to Generality of Findings 49
2.6 Generality of Findings 50
2.7 Limitations of Group Designs in Establishing Generality of Findings 51
2.8 Homogenous Groups Versus Replications of a Single-case Experiment 56
2.9 Applied Research Questions Requiring Alternative Designs 62
2.10 Blurring the Distinction Between Design Options 64
3. General Procedures in Single-case Research 67
3.1 Introduction 67
3.2 Repeated Measurement 68
3.3 Choosing a Baseline 71
3.4 Changing One Variable at a Time 79
3.5 Reversal and Withdrawal 88
3.6 Length of Phases 95
3.7 Evaluation of Irreversible Procedures 101
3.8 Assessing Response Maintenance 105
4 . Assessment Strategies 107
by Donald P. Hartman
4.1 Introduction 107
4.2 Selecting Target Behaviors 109
4.3 Tracking the Target Behavior Using Repeated Measures 110
4.4 Other Assessment Techniques 131
5. Basic A-B-A Withdrawal Designs 140
5.1 Introduction 140
5.2 A-B Design 142
5.3 A-B-A Design 152
5.4 A-B-A-B Design 157
5.5 B-A-B Design 166
5.6 A-B-C-B Design 170
6. Extensions of the A-B-A Design, Uses in Drug Evaluation, and Interaction Design
Strategies 174
6.1 Extensions and Variations of the A-B-A Withdrawal Design 174
6.2 A-B-A-B-A-B Design 175
6.3 Comparing Separate Therapeutic Variables, or Treatments 177
6.4 Parametric Variations of the Basic Therapeutic Procedures A-B-A-B’-B”-B”‘ 179
6.5 Drug Evaluations 183
6.6 Strategies for Studying Interaction Effects 193
6.7 Changing Criterion Design 205
7. Multiple Baseline Designs 209
7.1 Introduction 209
7.2 Multiple Baseline Designs 210
7.3 Variations of Multiple Baseline Designs 244
7.4 Issues in Drug Evaluation 249
8. Alternating Treatments Design 252
8.1 Introduction 252
8.2 Procedural Considerations 256
8.3 Examples of Alternating Treatments Designs 265
8.4 Advantages of the Alternating Treatments Design 280
8.5 Visual Analysis of the Alternating Treatments Design 281
8.6 Simultaneous Treatment Design 282
9. Statistical Analyses for Single-case Experimental Designs 285
by Alan E. Kazdin
9.1 Introduction 285
9.2 Special Data Characteristics 287
9.3 The Role of Statistical Evaluation in Single-Case Research 290
9.4 Specific Statistical Tests 293
9.5 Time Series Analysis 296
9.6 Randomization Tests 302
9.7 The Rn test of Ranks 312
9.8 The Split-Middle Technique 308
9.9 Evaluations of Statistical Tests: General Issues 319
9.10 Conclusions 321
10. Beyond the Individual: Replication Procedures 325
10.1 Introduction 325
10.2 Direct Replication 326
10.3 Systematic Replication 347
10.4 Clinical Replication 366
10.5 Advantages of Replication of Single-Case Experiments 370
Hiwatha Designs an Experiment 372
References 374
Subject Index 405
Name Index 409
About the Authors 419


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