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Testbank for Manufacturing Engineering & Technology: (7th Edition) by Serope Kalpakjian

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  • ISBN-10:  133128741 / ISBN-13:  9780133128741
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    • Edition: Seventh Edition
    • Format: Downloadable ZIP Fille
    • Resource Type : Testbank
    • Publication: 2013
    • Duration: Unlimited downloads
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    Table of content:

    Preface xxiii
    About the Authors xxvii
    General Introduction 1
    I.1 What is Manufacturing? 1
    I.2 Product Design and Concurrent Engineering 6
    I.3 Design for Manufacture, Assembly, Disassembly, and Service 10
    I.4 Green Design and Manufacturing 11
    I.5 Selection of Materials 13
    I.6 Selection of Manufacturing Processes 16
    I.7 Computer-integrated Manufacturing 25
    I.8 Quality Assurance and Total Quality Management 28
    I.9 Lean Production and Agile Manufacturing 30
    I.10 Manufacturing Costs and Global Competition 31
    I.11 Trends in Manufacturing 32
    Part I: Fundamentals of Materials: Behavior and Manufacturing Properties 35
    1 The Structure of Metals 38
    1.1 Introduction 38
    1.2 Types of Atomic Bonds 39
    1.3 The Crystal Structure of Metals 40
    1.4 Deformation and Strength of Single Crystals 42
    1.5 Grains and Grain Boundaries 45
    1.6 Plastic Deformation of Polycrystalline Metals 48
    1.7 Recovery, Recrystallization, and Grain Growth 49
    1.8 Cold, Warm, and Hot Working 50
    Summary 51 Key Terms 51 Bibliography 52
    Review Questions 52 Qualitative Problems 52
    Quantitative Problems 53 Synthesis, Design, and Projects 54
    2 Mechanical Behavior, Testing, and Manufacturing Properties of Materials 55
    2.1 Introduction 55
    2.2 Tension 56
    2.3 Compression 65
    2.4 Torsion 66
    2.5 Bending (Flexure) 67
    2.6 Hardness 67
    2.7 Fatigue 73
    2.8 Creep 74
    2.9 Impact 74
    2.10 Failure and Fracture of Materials 75
    2.11 Residual Stresses 80
    2.12 Work, Heat, and Temperature 81
    Summary 82 Key Terms 83 Bibliography 83
    Review Questions 84 Qualitative Problems 84
    Quantitative Problems 85 Synthesis, Design, and Projects 86
    3 Physical Properties of Materials 88
    3.1 Introduction 88
    3.2 Density 89
    3.3 Melting Point 92
    3.4 Specific Heat 92
    3.5 Thermal Conductivity 93
    3.6 Thermal Expansion 93
    3.7 Electrical, Magnetic, and Optical Properties 94
    3.8 Corrosion Resistance 95
    Summary 97 Key Terms 98 Bibliography 98
    Review Questions 98 Qualitative Problems 98
    Quantitative Problems 99 Synthesis, Design, and Projects 99
    4 Metal Alloys: Their Structure and Strengthening by Heat Treatment 101
    4.1 Introduction 101
    4.2 Structure of Alloys 102
    4.3 Phase Diagrams 104
    4.4 The Iron—Carbon System 107
    4.5 The Iron—Iron-carbide Phase Diagram and the Development of Microstructures in Steels 108
    4.6 Cast Irons 109
    4.7 Heat Treatment of Ferrous Alloys 111
    4.8 Hardenability of Ferrous Alloys 113
    4.9 Heat Treatment of Nonferrous Alloys and Stainless Steels 117
    4.10 Case Hardening 119
    4.11 Annealing 121
    4.12 Heat-treating Furnaces and Equipment 123
    4.13 Design Considerations for Heat Treating 124
    Review Questions 126 Qualitative Problems 127
    Quantitative Problems 127 Synthesis, Design, and Projects 127
    5 Ferrous Metals and Alloys: Production, General Properties, and Applications 128
    5.1 Introduction 128
    5.2 Production of Iron and Steel 129
    5.3 Casting of Ingots 132
    5.4 Continuous Casting 133
    5.5 Carbon and Alloy Steels 135
    5.6 Stainless Steels 142
    5.7 Tool and Die Steels 144
    Summary 145 Key Terms 146 Bibliography 147
    Review Questions 147 Qualitative Problems 147
    Quantitative Problems 148 Synthesis, Design, and Projects 148
    6 Nonferrous Metals and Alloys: Production, General Properties, and Applications 150
    6.1 Introduction 150
    6.2 Aluminum and Aluminum Alloys 151
    6.3 Magnesium and Magnesium Alloys 155
    6.4 Copper and Copper Alloys 156
    6.5 Nickel and Nickel Alloys 158
    6.6 Superalloys 159
    6.7 Titanium and Titanium Alloys 160
    6.8 Refractory Metals and Alloys 161
    6.9 Beryllium 162
    6.10 Zirconium 162
    6.11 Low-melting Alloys 162
    6.12 Precious Metals 164
    6.13 Shape-memory Alloys (Smart Materials) 164
    6.14 Amorphous Alloys (Metallic Glasses) 165
    6.15 Metal Foams 165
    Summary 166 Key Terms 166 Bibliography 166
    Review Questions 167 Qualitative Problems 167
    Quantitative Problems 167 Synthesis, Design, and Projects 168
    7 Polymers: Structure, General Properties, and Applications 169
    7.1 Introduction 169
    7.2 The Structure of Polymers 171
    7.3 Thermoplastics 178
    7.4 Thermosetting Plastics 181
    7.5 Additives in Plastics 182
    7.6 General Properties and Applications of Thermoplastics 183
    7.7 General Properties and Applications of Thermosetting Plastics 186
    7.8 Biodegradable Plastics 187
    7.9 Elastomers (Rubbers) 188
    Summary 189 Key Terms 190 Bibliography 190
    Review Questions 191 Qualitative Problems 191
    Quantitative Problems 192 Synthesis, Design, and Projects 193
    8 Ceramics, Glass, Graphite, Diamond, and Nanomaterials: Structure, General Properties, and Applications 194
    8.1 Introduction 194
    8.2 The Structure of Ceramics 195
    8.3 General Properties and Applications of Ceramics 200
    8.4 Glasses 204
    8.5 Glass Ceramics 206
    8.6 Graphite 207
    8.7 Diamond 209
    8.8 Nanomaterials 210
    Summary 211 Key Terms 212 Bibliography 212
    Review Questions 212 Qualitative Problems 213
    Quantitative Problems 213 Synthesis, Design, and Projects 213
    9 Composite Materials: Structure, General Properties, and Applications 215
    9.1 Introduction 215
    9.2 The Structure of Reinforced Plastics 216
    9.3 Properties of Reinforced Plastics 221
    9.4 Applications of Reinforced Plastics 224
    9.5 Metal-matrix Composites 226
    9.6 Ceramic-matrix Composites 228
    9.7 Other Composites 229
    Summary 230 Key Terms 230 Bibliography 230
    Review Questions 231 Qualitative Problems 231
    Quantitative Problems 232 Synthesis, Design, and Projects 232
    Part II: Metal-casting Processes and Equipment 235
    10 Fundamentals of Metal Casting 237
    10.1 Introduction 237
    10.2 Solidification of Metals 238
    10.3 Fluid Flow 243
    10.4 Fluidity of Molten Metal 246
    10.5 Heat Transfer 247
    10.6 Defects 249
    Summary 252 Key Terms 252 Bibliography 253
    Review Questions 253 Qualitative Problems 253
    Quantitative Problems 254 Synthesis, Design, and Projects 255
    11 Metal-casting Processes and Equipment 256
    11.1 Introduction 256
    11.2 Expendable-mold, Permanent-pattern Casting Processes 260
    11.3 Expendable-mold, Expendable-pattern Casting Processes 269
    11.4 Permanent-mold Casting Processes 276
    11.5 Casting Techniques for Single-crystal Components 284
    11.6 Rapid Solidification 286
    11.7 Inspection of Castings 287
    11.8 Melting Practice and Furnaces 287
    11.9 Foundries and Foundry Automation 289
    Summary 289 Key Terms 290 Bibliography 290
    Review Questions 290 Qualitative Problems 291
    Quantitative Problems 291 Synthesis, Design, and Projects 292
    12 Metal Casting: Design, Materials, and Economics 294
    12.1 Introduction 294
    12.2 Design Considerations in Casting 294
    12.3 Casting Alloys 303
    12.4 Economics of Casting 308
    Summary 309 Key Terms 309 Bibliography 309
    Review Questions 310 Qualitative Problems 310
    Quantitative Problems 310 Synthesis, Design, and Projects 311
    Part III: Forming and Shaping Processes and Equipment 313
    13 Metal-rolling Processes and Equipment 316
    13.1 Introduction 316
    13.2 The Flat-rolling Process 318
    13.3 Flat-rolling Practice 323
    13.4 Rolling Mills 326
    13.5 Various Rolling Processes and Mills 328
    Summary 333 Key Terms 333 Bibliography 334
    Review Questions 334 Qualitative Problems 334
    Quantitative Problems 335 Synthesis, Design, and Projects 336
    14 Metal-forging Processes and Equipment 337
    14.1 Introduction 337
    14.2 Open-die Forging 339
    14.3 Impression-die and Closed-die Forging 342
    14.4 Various Forging Operations 345
    14.5 Forgeability of Metals; Forging Defects 349
    14.6 Die Design, Die Materials, and Lubrication 351
    14.7 Die-manufacturing Methods and Die Failure 354
    14.8 Forging Machines 355
    14.9 Economics of Forging 358
    Summary 360 Key Terms 361 Bibliography 361
    Review Questions 362 Qualitative Problems 362
    Quantitative Problems 362 Synthesis, Design, and Projects 363
    15 Metal Extrusion and Drawing Processes and Equipment 364
    15.1 Introduction 364
    15.2 The Extrusion Process 366
    15.3 Hot Extrusion 368
    15.4 Cold Extrusion 372
    15.5 Extrusion Defects 374
    15.6 Design Considerations 376
    15.7 Extrusion Equipment 376
    15.8 The Drawing Process 377
    15.9 Drawing Practice 379
    15.10 Drawing Defects and Residual Stresses 382
    15.11 Drawing Equipment 382
    Summary 384 Key Terms 383 Bibliography 384
    Review Questions 384 Qualitative Problems 384
    Quantitative Problems 385 Synthesis, Design, and Projects 385
    16 Sheet-metal Forming Processes and Equipment 386
    16.1 Introduction 386
    16.2 Shearing 387
    16.3 Sheet-metal Characteristics and Formability 397
    16.4 Formability Tests for Sheet Metals 399
    16.5 Bending Sheets, Plates, and Tubes 402
    16.6 Miscellaneous Bending and Related Forming Operations 406
    16.7 Deep Drawing 411
    16.8 Rubber Forming and Hydroforming 419
    16.9 Spinning 423
    16.10 Superplastic Forming 426
    16.11 Hot Stamping 427
    16.12 Specialized Forming Processes 428
    16.13 Manufacturing of Metal Honeycomb Structures 433
    16.14 Design Considerations in Sheet-metal Forming 434
    16.15 Equipment for Sheet-metal Forming 437
    16.16 Economics of Sheet-forming Operations 438
    Summary 439 Key Terms 440 Bibliography 440
    Review Questions 440 Qualitative Problems 441
    Quantitative Problems 441 Synthesis, Design, and Projects 442
    17 Powder Metal Processes and Equipment 444
    17.1 Introduction 444
    17.2 Production of Metal Powders 445
    17.3 Compaction of Metal Powders 450
    17.4 Sintering 461
    17.5 Secondary and Finishing Operations 464
    17.6 Design Considerations 466
    17.7 Economics of Powder Metallurgy 469
    Summary 471 Key Terms 471 Bibliography 471
    Review Questions 472 Qualitative Problems 472
    Quantitative Problems 473 Synthesis, Design, and Projects 473
    18 Ceramics, Glasses, and Superconductors: Processing and Equipment 475
    18.1 Introduction 475
    18.2 Shaping Ceramics 476
    18.3 Forming and Shaping of Glass 483
    18.4 Techniques for Strengthening and Annealing Glass 486
    18.5 Design Considerations for Ceramics and Glasses 489
    18.6 Processing of Superconductors 489
    Summary 491 Key Terms 491 Bibliography 492
    Review Questions 492 Qualitative Problems 492
    Quantitative Problems 493 Synthesis, Design, and Projects 493
    19 Plastics and Composite Materials: Forming and Shaping 494
    19.1 Introduction 494
    19.2 Extrusion 495
    19.3 Injection Molding 502
    19.4 Blow Molding 509
    19.5 Rotational Molding 509
    19.6 Thermoforming 511
    19.7 Compression Molding 512
    19.8 Transfer Molding 513
    19.9 Casting 514
    19.10 Foam Molding 515
    19.11 Cold Forming and Solid-phase Forming 516
    19.12 Processing Elastomers 517
    19.13 Processing Polymer-matrix Composites 518
    19.14 Processing Metal-matrix and Ceramic-matrix Composites 527
    19.15 Design Considerations 528
    19.16 Economics of Processing Plastics and Composite Materials 530
    Summary 531 Key Terms 531 Bibliography 532
    Review Questions 532 Qualitative Problems 532
    Quantitative Problems 533 Synthesis, Design, and Projects 533
    20 Rapid-prototyping Processes and Operations 535
    20.1 Introduction 535
    20.2 Subtractive Processes 538
    20.3 Additive Processes 540
    20.4 Virtual Prototyping 551
    20.5 Self-replicating Machines 552
    20.6 Direct Manufacturing and Rapid Tooling 553
    Summary 560 Key Terms 560 Bibliography 560
    Review Questions 561 Qualitative Problems 561
    Quantitative Problems 562 Synthesis, Design, and Projects 562
    Part IV: Machining Processes and Machine Tools 563
    21 Fundamentals of Machining 566
    21.1 Introduction 566
    21.2 Mechanics of Cutting 567
    21.3 Cutting Forces and Power 577
    21.4 Temperatures in Cutting 580
    21.5 Tool Life: Wear and Failure 582
    21.6 Surface Finish and Integrity 589
    21.7 Machinability 591
    Summary 595 Key Terms 596 Bibliography 596
    Review Questions 596 Qualitative Problems 597
    Quantitative Problems 598 Synthesis, Design, and Projects 599
    22 Cutting-tool Materials and Cutting Fluids 600
    22.1 Introduction 600
    22.2 High-speed Steels 604
    22.3 Cast-cobalt Alloys 605
    22.4 Carbides 605
    22.5 Coated Tools 609
    22.6 Alumina-based Ceramics 612
    22.7 Cubic Boron Nitride 613
    22.8 Silicon-nitride-based Ceramics 614
    22.9 Diamond 614
    22.10 Whisker-reinforced Materials and Nanomaterials 615
    22.11 Tool Costs and Reconditioning of Tools 616
    22.12 Cutting Fluids 616
    Summary 622 Key Terms 622 Bibliography 622
    Review Questions 623 Qualitative Problems 623
    Quantitative Problems 624 Synthesis, Design, and Projects 624
    23 Machining Processes: Turning and Hole Making 625
    23.1 Introduction 625
    23.2 The Turning Process 628
    23.3 Lathes and Lathe Operations 636
    23.4 Boring and Boring Machines 651
    23.5 Drilling, Drills, and Drilling Machines 652
    23.6 Reaming and Reamers 661
    23.7 Tapping and Taps 662
    Summary 664 Key Terms 665 Bibliography 665
    Review Questions 665 Qualitative Problems 666
    Quantitative Problems 666 Synthesis, Design, and Projects 667
    24 Machining Processes: Milling, Broaching, Sawing, Filing, and Gear Manufacturing 668
    24.1 Introduction 668
    24.2 Milling and Milling Machines 669
    24.3 Planing and Shaping 684
    24.4 Broaching and Broaching Machines 684
    24.5 Sawing 688
    24.6 Filing 692
    24.7 Gear Manufacturing by Machining 692
    Summary 699 Key Terms 700 Bibliography 700
    Review Questions 700 Qualitative Problems 700
    Quantitative Problems 701 Synthesis, Design, and Projects 702
    25 Machining Centers, Machine-Tool Structures, and Machining Economics 703
    25.1 Introduction 703
    25.2 Machining Centers 703
    25.3 Machine-tool Structures 712
    25.4 Vibration and Chatter in Machining Operations 716
    25.5 High-speed Machining 719
    25.6 Hard Machining 720
    25.7 Ultraprecision Machining 721
    25.8 Machining Economics 722
    Summary 726 Key Terms 726 Bibliography 727
    Review Questions 727 Qualitative Problems 727
    Quantitative Problems 728 Synthesis, Design, and Projects 728
    26 Abrasive Machining and Finishing Operations 729
    26.1 Introduction 729
    26.2 Abrasives and Bonded Abrasives 731
    26.3 The Grinding Process 737
    26.4 Grinding Operations and Machines 746
    26.5 Design Considerations for Grinding 755
    26.6 Ultrasonic Machining 755
    26.7 Finishing Operations 756
    26.8 Deburring Operations 761
    26.9 Economics of Abrasive Machining and Finishing Operations 764
    Summary 765 Key Terms 765 Bibliography 766
    Review Questions 766 Qualitative Problems 767
    Quantitative Problems 767 Synthesis, Design, and Projects 768
    27 Advanced Machining Processes and Equipment 769
    27.1 Introduction 769
    27.2 Chemical Machining 770
    27.3 Electrochemical Machining 775
    27.4 Electrochemical Grinding 779
    27.5 Electrical-discharge Machining 780
    27.6 Laser-beam Machining 784
    27.7 Electron-beam Machining 787
    27.8 Water-jet Machining 788
    27.9 Abrasive-jet Machining 790
    27.10 Hybrid Machining Systems 790
    27.11 Economics of Advanced Machining Processes 791
    Summary 794 Key Terms 794 Bibliography 795
    Review Questions 795 Quantitative Problems 795
    Qualitative Problems 796 Synthesis, Design, and Projects 796
    Part V: Micromanufacturing and Fabrication of Microelectronic Devices 797
    28 Fabrication of Microelectronic Devices 800
    28.1 Introduction 800
    28.2 Clean Rooms 803
    28.3 Semiconductors and Silicon 804
    28.4 Crystal Growing and Wafer Preparation 805
    28.5 Film Deposition 807
    28.6 Oxidation 809
    28.7 Lithography 810
    28.8 Etching 818
    28.9 Diffusion and Ion Implantation 825
    28.10 Metallization and Testing 827
    28.11 Wire Bonding and Packaging 830
    28.12 Yield and Reliability 835
    28.13 Printed Circuit Boards 835
    Summary 837 Key Terms 838 Bibliography 838
    Review Questions 838 Qualitative Problems 839
    Quantitative Problems 839 Synthesis, Design, and Projects 840
    29 Fabrication of Microelectromechanical Devices and Systems and Nanoscale Manufacturing 841
    29.1 Introduction 841
    29.2 Micromachining of MEMS Devices 843
    29.3 Electroforming-based Processes 854
    29.4 Solid Free-form Fabrication of Devices 861
    29.5 Nanoscale Manufacturing 866
    Summary 869 Key Terms 869 Bibliography 869
    Review Questions 870 Qualitative Problems 870
    Quantitative Problems 870 Synthesis, Design, and Projects 871
    Part VI: Joining Processes and Equipment 873
    30 Fusion Welding Processes 877
    30.1 Introduction 877
    30.2 Oxyfuel—gas Welding 877
    30.3 Arc-welding Processes: Nonconsumable Electrode 882
    30.4 Arc-welding Processes: Consumable Electrode 885
    30.5 Electrodes for Arc Welding 890
    30.6 Electron-beam Welding 892
    30.7 Laser-beam Welding 893
    30.8 Cutting 894
    30.9 The Weld Joint, Quality, and Testing 896
    30.10 Joint Design and Process Selection 905
    Summary 908 Key Terms 909 Bibliography 909
    Review Questions 909 Qualitative Problems 910
    Quantitative Problems 910 Synthesis, Design, and Projects 911
    31 Solid-State Welding Processes 912
    31.1 Introduction 912
    31.2 Cold Welding and Roll Bonding 913
    31.3 Ultrasonic Welding 914
    31.4 Friction Welding 915
    31.5 Resistance Welding 917
    31.6 Explosion Welding 925
    31.7 Diffusion Bonding 926
    31.8 Economics of Welding Operations 928
    Summary 930 Key Terms 930 Bibliography 931
    Review Questions 931 Qualitative Problems 931
    Quantitative Problems 932 Synthesis, Design, and Projects 932
    32 Brazing, Soldering, Adhesive-bonding, and Mechanical Fastening Processes 934
    32.1 Introduction 934
    32.2 Brazing 935
    32.3 Soldering 939
    32.4 Adhesive-bonding 943
    32.5 Mechanical Fastening 949
    32.6 Joining Plastics, Ceramics, and Glasses 953
    32.7 Economics of Joining Operations 957
    Summary 958 Key Terms 958 Bibliography 959
    Review Questions 959 Qualitative Problems 959
    Quantitative Problems 960 Synthesis, Design, and Projects 960
    Part VII: Surface Technology 961
    33 Surface Roughness and Measurement; Friction, Wear, and Lubrication 963
    33.1 Introduction 963
    33.2 Surface Structure and Integrity 964
    33.3 Surface Texture and Roughness 966
    33.4 Friction 969
    33.5 Wear 973
    33.6 Lubrication 976
    33.7 Metalworking Fluids and Their Selection 978
    Summary 981 Key Terms 982 Bibliography 982
    Review Questions 983 Qualitative Problems 983
    Quantitative Problems 984 Synthesis, Design, and Projects 984
    34 Surface Treatments, Coatings, and Cleaning 985
    34.1 Introduction 985
    34.2 Mechanical Surface Treatments 986
    34.3 Mechanical Plating and Cladding 987
    34.4 Case Hardening and Hard Facing 988
    34.5 Thermal Spraying 988
    34.6 Vapor Deposition 989
    34.7 Ion Implantation and Diffusion Coating 993
    34.8 Laser Treatments 993
    34.9 Electroplating, Electroless Plating, and Electroforming 994
    34.10 Conversion Coatings 998
    34.11 Hot Dipping 998
    34.12 Porcelain Enameling; Ceramic and Organic Coatings 999
    34.13 Diamond Coating and Diamondlike Carbon 1000
    34.14 Surface Texturing 1001
    34.15 Painting 1001
    34.16 Cleaning of Surfaces 1002
    Summary 1004 Key Terms 1004 Bibliography 1004
    Review Questions 1005 Qualitative Problems 1005
    Quantitative Problems 1005 Synthesis, Design, and Projects 1005
    Part VIII: Engineering Metrology, Instrumentation, and Quality Assurance 1007
    35 Surface Treatments, Coatings, and Cleaning 1008
    35.1 Introduction 1008
    35.2 Measurement Standards 1008
    35.3 Geometric Features of Parts: Analog and Digital Measurements 1010
    35.4 Traditional Measuring Methods and Instruments 1010
    35.5 Modern Measuring Instruments and Machines 1017
    35.6 Automated Measurement 1020
    35.7 General Characteristics and Selection of Measuring Instruments 1021
    35.8 Geometric Dimensioning and Tolerancing 1021
    Summary 1027 Key Terms 1027 Bibliography 1027
    Review Questions 1027 Qualitative Problems 1028
    Quantitative Problems 1028 Synthesis, Design, and Projects 1029
    36 Quality Assurance, Testing, and Inspection 1030
    36.1 Introduction 1030
    36.2 Product Quality 1031
    36.3 Quality Assurance 1031
    36.4 Total Quality Management 1032
    36.5 Taguchi Methods 1034
    36.6 The ISO and QS Standards 1038
    36.7 Statistical Methods of Quality Control 1039
    36.8 Statistical Process Control 1042
    36.9 Reliability of Products and Processes 1048
    36.10 Nondestructive Testing 1048
    36.11 Destructive Testing 1052
    36.12 Automated Inspection 1052
    Summary 1053 Key Terms 1054 Bibliography 1054
    Review Questions 1054 Qualitative Problems 1055
    Quantitative Problems 1055 Synthesis, Design, and Projects 1056
    Part IX: Manufacturing in a Competitive Environment 1057
    37 Automation of Manufacturing Processes and Operations 1059
    37.1 Introduction 1059
    37.2 Automation 1061
    37.3 Numerical Control 1068
    37.4 Adaptive Control 1074
    37.5 Material Handling and Movement 1077
    37.6 Industrial Robots 1078
    37.7 Sensor Technology 1085
    37.8 Flexible Fixturing 1089
    37.9 Assembly Systems 1090
    37.10 Design Considerations for Fixturing, Assembly, Disassembly, and Servicing 1094
    37.11 Economic Considerations 1096
    Summary 1097 Key Terms 1097 Bibliography 1098
    Review Questions 1098 Qualitative Problems 1099
    Quantitative Problems 1099 Synthesis, Design, and Projects 1099
    38 Computer-aided Manufacturing 1101
    38.1 Introduction 1101
    38.2 Manufacturing Systems 1102
    38.3 Computer-integrated Manufacturing 1102
    38.4 Computer-aided Design and Engineering 1105
    38.5 Computer-aided Manufacturing 1111
    38.6 Computer-aided Process Planning 1112
    38.7 Computer Simulation of Manufacturing Processes and Systems 1114
    38.8 Group Technology 1116
    Summary 1123 Key Terms 1124 Bibliography 1124
    Review Questions 1124 Qualitative Problems 1124
    Synthesis, Design, and Projects 1125
    39 Computer-integrated Manufacturing Systems 1126
    39.1 Introduction 1126
    39.2 Cellular Manufacturing 1127
    39.3 Flexible Manufacturing Systems 1128
    39.4 Holonic Manufacturing 1131
    39.5 Just-in-time Production 1133
    39.6 Lean Manufacturing 1134
    39.7 Communications Networks in Manufacturing 1136
    39.8 Artificial Intelligence 1137
    39.9 Economic Considerations 1140
    Summary 1140 Key Terms 1141 Bibliography 1141
    Review Questions 1141 Qualitative Problems 1142
    Synthesis, Design, and Projects 1142
    40 Product Design and Manufacturing in a Competitive Environment 1143
    40.1 Introduction 1143
    40.2 Product Design 1144
    40.3 Product Quality 1147
    40.4 Life-cycle Assessment and Sustainable Manufacturing 1147
    40.5 Energy Consumption in Manufacturing 1149
    40.6 Material Selection for Products 1151
    40.7 Material Substitution 1153
    40.8 Manufacturing Process Capabilities 1155
    40.9 Process Selection 1157
    40.10 Manufacturing Costs and Cost Reduction 1160
    Summary 1165 Key Terms 1165 Bibliography 1165
    Review Questions 1166 Qualitative Problems 1166
    Synthesis, Design, and Projects 1167
    Index

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