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Testbank for Evolution (Second Edition) (2nd Edition) by Carl T. Bergstrom

By: Carl T. Bergstrom , Lee Alan Dugatkin
ISBN-10: 039360103X
/ ISBN-13: 9780393601039

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Format: Downloadable ZIP Fille
Authors: Carl T. Bergstrom , Lee Alan Dugatkin
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Table of contents:

Front Matter
Half Title
Title Page
Dedication
Copyright
Brief Contents
Contents
About the Authors
Preface
Part I – Foundations of Evolutionary Biology
Chapter 1 – An Overview of Evolutionary Biology
1.1 – A Brief Introduction to Evolution, Natural Selection, and Phylogenetics
1.2 – Empirical and Theoretical Approaches to the Study of Evolution
Chapter 2 – Early Evolutionary Ideas and
2.1 – The Nature of Science: Natural versus Supernatural Explanations
2.2 – Time and a Changing World
2.3 – The Origins and Diversity of Life
2.4 – Organisms Are Well-Suited to Their Environments
2.5 – Darwin’s Theory
2.6 – Darwin on Natural Selection
2.7 – Darwin on Common Ancestry
2.8 – Problems with Darwin’s Theory
2.9 – The Reaction to Darwin and Early History of the Modern Synthesis
Chapter 3 – Natural Selection
3.1 – The Components of Natural Selection
3.2 – Adaptations
3.3 – Natural Selection in the Field
3.4 – Natural Selection in the Laboratory
3.5 – Origin of Complex Traits
3.6 – Constraints on What Natural Selection Can Achieve
Chapter 4 – Phylogeny and Evolutionary History
4.1 – Phylogenies Reflect Evolutionary History
4.2 – Reading Phylogenetic Trees
4.3 – Traits on Trees
4.4 – Homology and Analogy
4.5 – Using Phylogenies to Generate and Test Evolutionary Hypotheses
Chapter 5 – Inferring Phylogeny
5.1 – Building Trees
5.2 – Parsimony
5.3 – Distance Methods
5.4 – Rooting Trees
5.5 – How Many Different Trees Are There?
5.6 – Phylogenies and Statistical Confidence
5.7 – Fossil Evidence of Evolutionary History
5.8 – Phylogeny, Natural Selection, and the Comparative Method
Part II – Evolutionary Genetics
Chapter 6 – Transmission Genetics and the
6.1 – Mendel’s Laws
6.2 – Transmission Genetics
6.3 – Variation and Mutation
6.4 – Mutation Rates and Fitness Consequences
Chapter 7 – The Genetics of Populations
7.1 – Individual-Level versus Population-Level Thinking
7.2 – The Hardy–Weinberg Model: A Null Model for Population Genetics
7.3 – Natural Selection
7.4 – Mutation
7.5 – Nonrandom Mating
7.6 – Migration
7.7 – Consequences on Variation within and between Populations
Chapter 8 – Evolution in Finite Populations
8.1 – Random Change and Genetic Drift
8.2 – Coalescent Theory and the Genealogy of Genes
8.3 – Demography, Biogeography, and Drift
8.4 – The Interplay of Drift, Mutation, and Natural Selection
8.5 – The Neutral Theory of Molecular Evolution
Chapter 9 – Evolution at Multiple Loci
9.1 – Polygenic Traits and the Nature of Heredity
9.2 – Population Genetics of Multiple Loci
9.3 – Adaptive Landscapes
9.4 – Quantitative Genetics
Chapter 10 – Genome Evolution
10.1 – Whole-Genome Sequencing
10.2 – Resolving the Paradoxes of Genome Size
10.3 – Content and Structure of Viral Genomes
10.4 – Content and Structure of Bacterial and Archaeal Genomes
10.5 – Content and Structure of Eukaryotic Nuclear Genomes
Part III – The History of Life
Chapter 11 – The Origin and Evolution of Early Life
11.1 – What Is Life?
11.2 – The Origin and Evolution of the Building Blocks of Life
11.3 – The Evolution of Protocells
11.4 – The RNA World
11.5 – Genetic Information and Genetic Exchange
11.6 – Metabolic Networks, Minimal Gene Sets, and Cell Evolution
Chapter 12 – Major Transitions
12.1 – Overview of Major Transitions
12.2 – Major Transition: The Evolution of the Eukaryotic Cell
12.3 – Major Transition: The Evolution of Multicellularity
12.4 – Major Transition: The Evolution of Individuality
12.5 – Major Transition: Solitary to Group Living
Chapter 13 – Evolution and Development
13.1 – Evo–Devo: A Brief History
13.2 – Regulation, Expression, and Switches
13.3 – Evo–Devo and Gene Duplication
13.4 – Evo–Devo and Neural Crest Cells
Chapter 14 – Species and Speciation
14.1 – The Species Problem
14.2 – Modes of Speciation
14.3 – Reproductive Isolating Mechanisms and the Genetics of Speciation
Chapter 15 – Extinction and Evolutionary Trends
15.1 – The Concept of Extinction
15.2 – Background Extinction
15.3 – Mass Extinction
15.4 – Factors Correlated with Extinction
15.5 – Rates of Evolutionary Change and Evolutionary Trends
Part IV – Evolutionary Interactions
Chapter 16 – Sex and Sexual Selection
16.1 – Asexual and Sexual Reproduction
16.2 – The Costs of Sexual Reproduction
16.3 – The Benefits of Sexual Reproduction
16.4 – Sexual Reproduction Leads to Sexual Selection
16.5 – Intersexual Selection
16.6 – Intrasexual Selection and Sexual Conflict
Chapter 17 – The Evolution of Sociality
17.1 – Cooperation
17.2 – Conflict
17.3 – Information and Communication
Chapter 18 – Coevolution
18.1 – Coevolution and Mutualism
18.2 – Antagonistic Coevolution
18.3 – Mosaic Coevolution
18.4 – Gene–Culture Coevolution
Chapter 19 – Human Evolution
19.1 – Evolutionary Relationships among the Great Apes
19.2 – The Hominin Clade
19.3 – The Emergence of Anatomically Modern Humans
19.4 – Interbreeding among Humans, Neanderthals, and Denisovans
19.5 – Migration of Modern Humans
Chapter 20 – Evolution and Medicine
20.1 – Vulnerability to Disease
20.2 – Fever
20.3 – Coevolutionary Arms Races between Pathogens and Hosts
20.4 – Phylogenetic Constraint and Vulnerability to Choking
20.5 – Senescence
Answers to Key Concept Questions
Glossary
References
Credits
Index

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