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Testbank for Criminal Behavior: A Psychological Approach (11th Edition) by Curt R. Bartol

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  • ISBN-10:  134163745 / ISBN-13:  9780134163741
  • Ebook Details

    • Format: Downloadable ZIP Fille
    • Resource Type : Testbank
    • Publication: 2016
    • Authors: Curt R. Bartol , Anne M. Bartol
    • Delivery: Instant Download

    $70.00 $50.00

    SKU: 1685b77edb66 Categories: , , , ,

    Table of content:

    Chapter 1 Introduction to Criminal Behavior 1
    Chapter Objectives 1
    Theories of Crime 2
    Theoretical Perspectives on Human Nature 4
    Disciplinary Perspectives in Criminology 6
    Sociological Criminology 7
    Psychological Criminology 8
    Box 1-1: Hate or Bias Crimes 8
    Psychiatric Criminology 10
    Defining and Measuring Crime 12
    Uniform Crime Reporting System 12
    Box 1-2: The Problem of Internet-Facilitated Crime 17
    Self-Report Studies 19
    Victimization Surveys 21
    Juvenile Delinquency 23
    Recap: Defining Crime and Delinquency 24
    Summary and Conclusions 26
    Key Concepts 27 • Review Questions 27
    Chapter 2 Origins of Criminal Behavior: Developmental Risk Factors 28
    Chapter Objectives 28
    Cumulative Risk Model 29
    Developmental Cascade Model 30
    Social Environment Risk Factors 32
    Poverty 32
    Peer Rejection and Association with Antisocial Peers 33
    Preschool Experiences 36
    After-School Care 37
    Academic Failure 37
    Parental and Family Risk Factors 38
    Single-Parent Households 38
    Parental Styles and Practices 39
    Parental Monitoring 42
    Box 2-1: Monitoring, Middle School, and Family Relationships 42
    Influence of Siblings 44
    Parental Psychopathology 44
    Psychological Risk Factors 45
    Lack of Attachment 45
    Lack of Empathy 46
    Cognitive and Language Deficiencies 48
    Intelligence and Delinquency 49
    Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder 51
    Box 2-2: ADHD: Which Treatment to Use? 52
    ADHD and Criminal Behavior 53
    Conduct Disorder 54
    Oppositional Defiant Disorder 55
    Summary and Conclusions 56
    Key Concepts 58 • Review Questions 58
    Chapter 3 Origins of Criminal Behavior: Biological Factors 59
    Chapter Objectives 59
    Genetics and Antisocial Behavior 60
    Behavior Genetics 60
    Studies of Twins 61
    The Twins’ Early Development Study 63
    Twin Study of Child and Adolescent Development 64
    Adoption Studies 64
    Molecular Genetics 66
    Psychophysiological Factors 66
    Temperament 67
    Environmental Risk Factors 70
    Neurotoxins 70
    Lead 71
    Cadmium 72
    Manganese 73
    Mercury (Methlymercury) 73
    Protective Properties of Micronutrients 74
    Prenatal and Postnatal Malnutrition 75
    Box 3-1: Malnutrition in Infants 75
    Nicotine, Alcohol, and Drug Exposure 76
    Traumatic Brain Injury 78
    Brain Development Abnormalities 79
    Hormones and Neurotransmitters 80
    Neuropsychological Factors 80
    Summary and Conclusions 81
    Key Concepts 82 • Review Questions 82
    Chapter 4 Origins of Criminal Behavior: Learning and Situational Factors 83
    Chapter Objectives 83
    Behaviorism 85
    Skinner’s Theory of Behavior 86
    Behaviorism as a Method of Science 86
    Behaviorism as a Perspective of Human Nature 87
    Skinnerian Concepts 87
    Operant Learning and Crime 88
    Social Learning 89
    Expectancy Theory 90
    Imitational Aspects of Social Learning 91
    Differential Association-Reinforcement Theory 92
    Frustration-Induced Criminality 94
    The Socialized and Individual Offender 94
    Frustration-Induced Riots 95
    Frustration and Crime 96
    Situational Instigators and Regulators of Criminal Behavior 96
    Authority as an Instigator of Criminal Behavior 97
    Box 4-1: National Security Interrogations—Psychology’s Role 100
    Deindividuation 101
    The Stanford Prison Experiment 103
    The BBC Prison Study 104
    Deindividuation and Crowd Violence 105
    The Bystander Effect 106
    Box 4-2: Do Security Cameras Affect Bystander Apathy? 108
    Moral Disengagement 109
    Summary and Conclusions 110
    Key Concepts 111 • Review Questions 112
    Chapter 5 Human Aggression and Violence 113
    Chapter Objectives 113
    Defining Aggression 114
    Hostile and Instrumental Aggression 115
    Box 5-1: Aggression in Recent High Profile Cases 115
    Interpretation by Victim 117
    Theoretical Perspectives on Aggression 117
    Psychoanalytical/Psychodynamic Viewpoint 118
    Ethological Viewpoints 118
    Frustration-Aggression Hypothesis 119
    Weapons Effect 120
    Cognitive-Neoassociation Model 121
    Excitation Transfer Theory 121
    Displaced Aggression Theory 122
    Social Learning Factors in Aggression and Violence 122
    Modeling 123
    Observation Modeling 124
    Cognitive Models of Aggression 125
    Cognitive Scripts Model 125
    Hostile Attribution Model 125
    Box 5-2: Dealing With Anger—What Works and for Whom? 128
    The General Aggression Model 129
    I³ Theory 130
    Overt and Covert Acts of Aggression 130
    Reactive and Proactive Forms of Aggression 131
    Gender Differences in Aggression 132
    Effects of Media Violence 133
    Copycat Crime or Contagion Effect 136
    Box 5-3: Copycat Gamers 137
    Summary and Conclusions 139
    Key Concepts 140 • Review Questions 141
    Chapter 6 Juvenile Delinquency 142
    Chapter Objectives 142
    Definitions of Delinquency 143
    Legal Definition 143
    Social Definition 144
    Psychological Definitions 144
    Nature and Extent of Juvenile Offending 145
    Status Offenses 147
    The Serious Delinquent 148
    Gender Differences in Juvenile Offending 148
    Developmental Theories of Delinquency 151
    Moffitt’s Developmental Theory 152
    Box 6-1: Emerging Adulthood as a Developmental Stage 154
    Steinberg’s Dual Systems Model 157
    Coercion Developmental Theory 158
    Callous-Unemotional Trait Theory 160
    Prevention, Intervention, and Treatment of Juvenile Offending 161
    Treatment and Rehabilitation Strategies 161
    Characteristics of Successful Programs 162
    Box 6-2: Gender Responsive Programming 163
    Classification of Prevention and Treatment Programs 165
    Primary Prevention 167
    Selective or Secondary Prevention 168
    Box 6-3: The Fast Track Experiment 169
    Treatment Approaches 170
    Summary and Conclusions 175
    Key Concepts 177 • Review Questions 177
    Chapter 7 Psychopathy 178
    Chapter Objectives 178
    What is a Psychopath? 179
    Antisocial Personality Disorder 179
    Examples of Primary Psychopaths 180
    Behavioral Descriptions 181
    Behavioral Characteristics 182
    Psychological Testing Differences 183
    Psychopaths and Mental Disorders 183
    Psychopaths and Suicide 183
    Other Principal Traits 184
    The Criminal Psychopath 185
    Prevalence of Criminal Psychopathy 186
    Offending Patterns of Criminal Psychopaths 186
    Recidivism of Criminal Psychopaths 187
    Psychological Measures of Psychopathy 187
    The PCL-R 188
    Criticisms of the PCL-R 189
    Box 7-1: Corporate Psychopaths 189
    Core Factors of Psychopathy 190
    The Two-Factor Position 190
    The Three-Factor Position 191
    The Four-Factor Model 191
    The Boldness Factor 191
    The Meanness Factor 192
    The Female Psychopath 192
    Racial/Ethnic Differences 193
    Juvenile Psychopathy 194
    Can Juvenile Psychopathy Be Identified? 194
    Box 7-2: Treating Adolescents with Psychopathic Features 195
    Ethical Considerations 196
    Measures of Juvenile Psychopathy 197
    Neurobiological Factors and Psychopathy 198
    Genetic Factors 198
    Neuropsychology and Psychopathy 198
    Central Nervous System Differences 199
    Peripheral Nervous System (PNS) Research 202
    Autonomic Nervous System Research 203
    The Dual-Process Model of Psychopathy 206
    Childhood of the Psychopath 207
    Treatment of Criminal Psychopaths 208
    Treatment of Children and Adolescents with Psychopathic
    Summary and Conclusions 210
    Key Concepts 212 • Review Questions 212
    Chapter 8 Crime and Mental Disorders 213
    Chapter Objectives 213
    Defining Mental Illness 216
    The DSM 216
    Schizophrenia Spectrum and Other Psychotic Disorders 217
    Bipolar Disorder 218
    Major Depressive Disorder 219
    Antisocial Personality Disorder 219
    Box 8-1: Does Serious Mental Disorder Cause Crime? 220
    Competency and Criminal Responsibility 221
    Incompetency to Stand Trial 221
    Criminal Responsibility 224
    Insanity Standards 227
    Guilty but Mentally Ill 230
    Unique Defenses and Conditions 231
    Posttraumatic Stress Disorder 231
    Dissociation 233
    Dissociative Identity Disorder 234
    Dissociative Amnesia 235
    Mental Disorder and Violence 236
    Research on the Violence of the Mentally Disordered 237
    The MacArthur Research Network 238
    Police and the Mentally Disordered 239
    Mentally Disordered Inmates 239
    Dangerousness and the Assessment of Risk 241
    The Tarasoff Case 241
    Violence Risk Factors and Measures 243
    Summary and Conclusions 245
    Key Concepts 246 • Review Questions 246
    Chapter 9 Homicide, Assault, and Intimate Partner and Family Violence 247
    Chapter Objectives 247
    Definitions 249
    Criminal Homicide 250
    Aggravated Assault 251
    Demographic and Other Factors of Homicide 251
    Race/Ethnicity 252
    Gender 252
    Age 253
    Socioeconomic Status 253
    Circumstances 253
    Weapons 253
    Box 9-1: Guns, Crime, and Cumulative Risk 255
    Psychological Aspects of Criminal Homicide 256
    General Altercation Homicide 257
    Felony Commission Homicides 258
    Juvenile Homicide Offenders 259
    Box 9-2: Boys, Girls, and Homicide: Why and How do They Do It? 260
    Psychological Characteristics of Juvenile Murderers 260
    Treatment of Juveniles Who Kill 262
    Intimate Partner Violence 262
    IPV among Older Adults 264
    IPV among Hispanics 264
    Same Sex or Nonheterosexual IPV 265
    IPV within Law Enforcement and Military Families 266
    Psychological and Demographic Characteristics of Abusers 267
    Family Violence 268
    Prevalence 269
    Victims 269
    Child Maltreatment 271
    Missing, Abducted, Runaway, and Thrownaway Children 273
    Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy 274
    Abusive Head Trauma 275
    Infanticide 276
    Neonaticide 276
    Filicide 277
    Elderly Abuse 278
    Sibling-to-Sibling Violence 280
    Child-to-Parent Violence 281
    Multiassaultive Families 282
    The Cycle of Violence 283
    The Effects of Family Violence on Children 284
    Summary and Conclusions 285
    Key Concepts 286 • Review Questions 287
    Chapter 10 Multiple Murder, School and Workplace Violence 288
    Chapter Objectives 288
    Investigative Psychology 289
    Forms of Profiling 290
    Psychological Profiling 290
    Suspect-Based Profiling 291
    Geographical Profiling 291
    Crime Scene Profiling 292
    Equivocal Death Analysis 297
    Multiple Murders 298
    Definitions 299
    Serial Murders 300
    Choice of Victims and Modus Operandi 301
    Geographical Location of Serial Killing 302
    Ethnic and Racial Characteristics 302
    Risk Factors and Psychological Motives 303
    Research on Backgrounds 303
    Female Serial Killers 304
    Juvenile Serial Killers 305
    Mass Murderers 305
    Public Mass Shootings 306
    A Mass Murder Typology 308
    School Violence 310
    School Shootings 311
    Box 10-1: Safety Drills in Schools: Unanticipated Consequences 312
    Psychological Characteristics of School Shooters 314
    Workplace Violence 315
    Categories of Workplace Violence 316
    Perpetrators of Workplace Violence 319
    Summary and Conclusions 320
    Key Concepts 321 • Review Questions 322
    Chapter 11 Psychology of Modern Terrorism 323
    Chapter Objectives 323
    Definitions and Examples 325
    Classification of Terrorist Groups 328
    A Terrorist Typology 330
    Followers and Leaders: Who Joins and Who Leads 330
    Why Do They Join? 331
    Quest for Significance Theory 332
    Terror Management Theory 333
    Suicidal Terrorism 333
    Becoming a Terrorist: The Process of Radicalization 334
    Terrorist Leaders 335
    Lone Wolf Terrorists 336
    Boston Marathon Bombers 337
    Box 11-1: The Marathon Bombing and Beyond 337
    Fort Hood Shooter 338
    The Times Square Bombing Attempt 338
    The Psychosocial Context of Terrorism 340
    Terrorist Motives and Justifications 341
    Additional Disengagement Practices 342
    Psychological Effects and Nature of Terrorism 343
    Cognitive Restructuring 343
    Moral Development 343
    Summary and Conclusions 346
    Key Concepts 347 • Review Questions 347
    Chapter 12 Sexual Assault 348
    Chapter Objectives 348
    Definitions and Statistics 349
    Sexual Assault in Date and Acquaintance Relationships 351
    Box 12-1: Campus Sexual Assault 352
    Incidence and Prevalence of Rape 353
    Impact of Sexual Assault on Survivors 354
    Psychological Effects 354
    Physical Injury 355
    Sexual Assault Vulnerability Factors 356
    Situational Factors 356
    Location 356
    Age of Victims 356
    Relationship Factors 357
    Consumption of Alcohol 357
    History of Victimization 357
    Risk Taking Behaviors 357
    Characteristics of Sexual Offenders: Who Offends? 358
    Ages of Sex Offenders 359
    Recidivism and Offending History 359
    Applying Crime Scene Analysis to Predictions of Recidivism 360
    Attitudes and Myths That Support Rape and Other Sexual Assaults 362
    Cognitive-Perceptual Distortions in Communication 363
    The Influence of Pornography 363
    Classification of Rape Patterns 365
    Massachusetts Treatment Center Classification System 366
    Box 12-2: Sexual Burglary 368
    The MTC: R3 368
    MTC Version 4 370
    The Groth Typology 371
    Treatment of Sex Offenders 372
    Summary and Conclusions 374
    Key Concepts 375 • Review Questions 375
    Chapter 13 Sexual Abuse of Children and Youth 376
    Chapter Objectives 376
    Incidence and Prevalence of Child Sex Abuse 378
    Box 13-1: Sexual Abuse: The Shame of Juvenile Corrections 379
    Situational and Victimization Characteristics 381
    Incest 383
    Types of Sexual Contact 383
    Psychological Effects of Child Sexual Victimization 384
    Characteristics of Child Sex Offenders 384
    Age and Gender 385
    Selection of Victims 386
    Backgrounds 386
    Interpersonal and Intimacy Deficits 387
    Cognitive Distortions 388
    Neurocognitive Functions 388
    Recidivism and Risk Assessment 389
    Risk Assessment 390
    Classification of Male Child Sex Offender Patterns 391
    The MTC: CM3 392
    The Groth Classification Model 394
    Female Sex Offender Typology 395
    Internet-Facilitated Sexual Offending 396
    Who Are the Offenders? 396
    Who Are the Child Victims? 397
    Online Sex Offenders Interested in Adolescents 398
    Sex Trafficking 398
    Treatment of Child Sex Offenders 399
    Summary and Conclusions 401
    Key Concepts 402 • Review Questions 402
    Chapter 14 Burglary, Home Invasions, Thefts, and “White-Collar” Offenses 403
    Chapter Objectives 403
    Burglary 405
    Characteristics of Burglary 405
    Who Commits Burglary? 406
    Burglary Cues and Selected Targets 407
    Burglar Cognitive Processes 408
    Entry Strategies 409
    How Far Do Burglars Travel? 410
    Gender Differences in Methods and Patterns 410
    Property Taken and Disposed 410
    Motives 412
    Burglar Typologies 413
    Psychological Impact of Burglary 414
    Home Invasions 415
    Larceny and Motor Vehicle Theft 416
    Motor Vehicle Theft 416
    Fraud and Identity Theft 417
    Box 14-1: Identity Theft—Anyone Can Be Victimized 418
    Shoplifting 420
    Who Shoplifts? 422
    Motives 424
    Shoplifting by Proxy 425
    Shoplifting as an Occupation 425
    Methods of Shoplifting 426
    Kleptomania: Fact or Fiction? 426
    White-Collar and Occupational Crime 427
    Green’s Four Categories of Occupational Crime 428
    Box 14-2: Political Crimes—Unexamined Issues 429
    Prevalence and Incidence of Occupational Crime 430
    Corporate Crime 430
    Justifications and Neutralizations 432
    Individual Occupational Crime 433
    Employee Theft 433
    Summary and Conclusions 435
    Key Concepts 436 • Review Questions 436
    Chapter 15 Violent Economic Crime, Cybercrime, and Crimes of Intimidation 437
    Chapter Objectives 437
    Robbery 438
    Bank Robbery 439
    Amateurs and Professionals 440
    Commercial Robbery 442
    Street Robbery 442
    Motives and Cultural Influences 443
    Robbery by Groups 444
    Cybercrime 445
    Box 15-1: Cybercrime—Heists and Intrusions 446
    Privacy Concerns and Cybercrime Laws 447
    Psychological Characteristics of Cybercriminals 448
    Stalking 449
    Categories of Stalking 450
    Cyberstalking 451
    Cyberbullying 452
    Hostage-Taking Offenses 454
    Instrumental and Expressive Hostage Taking 454
    FBI Categories of Hostage Taking 454
    Strategies for Dealing with Hostage Takers 456
    The Stockholm Syndrome 457
    Rules for Hostages to Follow 457
    Arson 459
    Incidence and Prevalence 459
    Developmental Stages of Firesetting 460
    Persistent and Repetitive Firesetting among Adults 461
    Female Arsonists 462
    Behavioral Typologies and Trajectories 463
    Psychological Disorders 464
    Summary and Conclusions 465
    Key Concepts 466 • Review Questions 466
    Chapter 16 Substance Abuse and Crime 467
    Chapter Objectives 467
    Juvenile Drug Use 468
    Who Is Selling to Juveniles? 470
    Gender Differences in Juvenile Drug Use 471
    Consistent Findings on Illict Drug Use 471
    Tripartite Conceptual Model 474
    Major Categories of Drugs 475
    Tolerance and Dependence 476
    The Hallucinogens 477
    Marijuana 477
    How Is Marijuana Prepared? 478
    Synthetic Marijuana 479
    Synthetic Cathinones 480
    Salvia 480
    Cannabis and Crime 480
    Phencyclidine (PCP) 482
    PCP and Crime 482
    The Stimulants 482
    Amphetamines 482
    Methamphetamine 483
    Other Stimulants with Similar Effects 483
    Cocaine and Its Derivatives 484
    Psychological Effects 485
    Adverse Physical Effects 485
    Stimulants and Crime 485
    Crack Cocaine 486
    Crack and Crime 487
    MDMA (Ecstasy or Molly) 487
    Narcotic Drugs 488
    Heroin 488
    Box 16-1: Prescription Medications: Fraudulent Distribution 489
    Heroin and Crime 490
    Fentanyl 491
    Other Narcotic Drugs 491
    OxyContin® and Vicodin® 491
    OxyContin®, Vicodin®, and Crime 492
    The Club Drugs: Sedative Hypnotic Compounds 492
    Ketamine 493
    Gamma Hydroxybutyrate (GHB) 493
    Rohypnol 494
    Alcohol 494
    Psychological Effects 495
    Alcohol, Crime, and Delinquency 496
    Substance Abuse and Violence 497
    Summary and Conclusions 498
    Key Concepts 500 • Review Questions 500
    Glossary 501
    Cases Cited 514
    References 515
    Author Index 609
    Subject Index 633

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