Testbank for Cognitive Psychology and Its Implications (8th Edition) by John R. Anderson

By: John R. Anderson
ISBN-10: 1464148910
/ ISBN-13: 9781464148910

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Format: Downloadable ZIP Fille
Authors: John R. Anderson
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Table of contents:

1. The Science of Cognition
Motivations for Studying Cognitive Psychology
The History of Cognitive Psychology
Information Processing; The Communicative Neurons
Organization of the Brain
Methods in Cognitive Neuroscience

2. Perception
Visual Perception in the Brain
Visual Pattern Recognition
Implications: Separating humans from BOTs
Speech Recognition
Feature Analysis of Speech
Categorical Perception
Context and Pattern Recognition

3. Attention and Performance
Serial Bottlenecks
Auditory Attention
Visual Attention
Central Attention: Selecting Lines of Thought to Pursue
Implications: Why is cell phone use and driving a dangerous combination?

4. Mental Imagery
Verbal Imagery Versus Visual Imagery
Implications: Using brain activation to read people’s minds
Visual Imagery
Conclusions: Visual Perception and Visual Imagery

5. Representation of Knowledge
Knowledge and Regions of the Brain
Memory for Meaningful Interpretations of Events
Implications: Mnemonic techniques for remembering vocabulary items
Propositional Representations
Embodied Cognition
Conceptual Knowledge

6. Human Memory: Encoding and Storage
Memory and the Brain
Sensory Memory Holds Information Briefly
Working Memory Holds the Information Needed to Perform a Task
Activation and Long-Term Memory
Practice and Memory Strength
Factors Influencing Memory
Implications: How does the method of loci help us organize recall?
Flashbulb Memories

7. Human Memory: Retention and Retrieval
Are Memories Really Forgotten?
The Retention Function
How Interference Affects Memory
Retrieval and Inference
Implications: How have advertisers used knowledge of cognitive psychology?
Associative Structure and Retrieval
The Hippocampal Formation and Amnesia
Implicit Versus Explicit Memory
Conclusions: The Many Varieties of Memory in the Brain

8. Problem Solving
The Nature of Problem Solving
Problem-Solving Operators
Operator Selection
Problem Representation
Set Effects
Appendix: Solutions

9. Expertise
Brain Changes with Skill Acquisition
General Characteristics of Skill Acquisition
The Nature of Expertise
Implications: Computers achieve chess expertise differently than humans
Transfer of Skill
Theory of Identical Elements
Educational Implications

10. Reasoning
Reasoning and the Brain
Reasoning About Conditionals
Deductive Reasoning: Reasoning About Quantifiers
Inductive Reasoning and Hypothesis Testing
Implications: How convincing is a 90% result?
Dual-Process Theories

11. Decision Making
The Brain and Decision Making
Probabilistic Judgment
Making Decisions Under Uncertainty
Implications: Why are adolescents more likely to make bad decisions?

12. Language Structure
Language and the Brain
The Field of Linguistics
Syntactic Formalisms
What is So Special About Human Language?
Implications: Ape language and the ethics of experimentation
The Relation Between Language and Thought
Language Acquisition
Conclusions: The Uniqueness of Language: A Summary

13. Language Comprehension
Brain and Language Comprehension
Implications: Intelligent chatterboxes
Text Processing
Situation Models

14. Individual Differences in Cognition
Cognitive Development
Psychometric Studies of Cognition
Implications: Does IQ determine success in life?

Name Index
Subject Index

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