Test Bank for Research in Education 10th Edition by John W. Best and James V.

By: John W. Best, James V. Kahn
ISBN-10: 0205458408
/ ISBN-13: 9780205458400

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Format: Downloadable ZIP Fille
Authors: John W. Best, James V. Kahn
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Table of contents:

1. The Meaning of Research.
Why Should I Study Research?
The Search for Knowledge
The Role of Theory
Operational Definitions of Variables
The Hypothesis
The Research Hypothesis
The Null Hypothesis (Ho)
Populations Sampling
The Simple Random Sample
Random Numbers
The Systematic Sample
The Stratified Random Sample
The Area or Cluster Sample
Nonprobability Samples
Sample Size
Purposes of Research
Fundamental or Basic Research
Applied Research
Action Research
Assessment, Evaluation, and Descriptive Research
Types of Educational Research
2. Selecting a Problem and Preparing a Research Proposal.
The Academic Research Problem
Levels of Research Projects
Sources of Problems
Evaluating the Problem
Using the Library
Finding Related Literature
References and Bibliography
Fair Use of Copyrighted Materials
The Research Proposal
The First Research Project
Submitting a Research Proposal to a Funding Agency
Thesis Proposal
Ethics in Human Experimentation
History of Research Ethics
From Regulations to Practice.
3. The Research Report.
Style Manuals
Format of the Research Report
Main Body of the Report
References and Appendices
The Thesis or Dissertation
Style of Writing
Reference Form
The Line Graph
The Bar Graph or Chart
The Circle, Pie, or Sector Chart
Organization Charts
Evaluating a Research Report
4. Historical Research.
Purpose of Histroical Reseach on American Education
History and Science
Historical Generalization
The Historical Hypothesis
Hypotheses in Educational Historical Research
Difficulties Encountered in Historical Research
Sources of Data
Primary Sources of Data
Primary Sources of Educational Data
Secondary Sources of Data
Historical Criticism
External Criticism
Internal Criticism
Examples of Topics for Educational Historical Study
Writing the Historical Report
5. Descriptive Studies: Assessment, Evaluation, and Research.
Assessment Studies
The Survey
Social Surveys
Public Opinion Surveys
National Center for Education Statistics
International Assessment
Activity Analysis
Trend Studies
Evaluation Studies
School Surveys
Program Evaluation
Assessment and Evaluation in Problem Solving
Descriptive Research
Causal Comparative Research
Correlational Research
Follow-up Research
Other Descriptive Research
Replication and Secondary Analysis
The Post Hoc Fallacy
6. Experimental and Quasi-Experimental Research.
Early Experimentation
Experimental and Control Groups
Independent and Dependent Variables
Confounding Variables
Controlling Extraneous Variables
Experimental Validity
Threats to Internal Experimental Validity
Threats to External Experimental Validity
Experimental Design
Pre-experimental Designs
True Experimental Designs
Quasi-Experimental Designs
Factorial Designs
7. Single-Subject Experimental Research.
General Procedures
Repeated Measurement
Manipulating Variables
Length of Phases
Transfer of Training and Response Maintenance
Target Behavior
Data Collection Strategies
Basic Designs
A-B-A-B Designs
Multiple Baseline Designs
Other Designs
Evaluating Data
8. Qualitative Research.
A Qualitative Research Model.
Themes of Qualitative Research
Research Questions
Theoretical Traditions
Research Strategies
Document or Content Analysis
The Case Study
Ethnographic Studies
Data Collection Techniques
Review of Documents
Other Qualitative Data Collection Techniques
Data Analysis and Interpretation
Combining Qualitative and Quantitative Research
9. Methods and Tools of Research.
Reliability and Validity of Research Tools
Quantitative Studies
Qualitative Studies
Psychological and Educational Tests and Inventories
Qualities of a Good Test and Inventory
Types of Tests and Inventories
Achievement Tests
Aptitude Tests
Interest Inventories
Personality Inventories
Projective Devices
Validity and Reliability of Observation
Recording Observations
Systematizing Data Collection
Characteristics of Good Observation
Inquiry Forms: The Questionnaire
Closed Form
The Open Form
Improving Questionnaire Items
Characteristics of a Good Questionnaire
Preparing and Administering the Questionnaire
A Sample Questionnaire
Validity and Reliability of Questionnaires
Inquiry Forms: The Opinionnaire
Thurstone Technique
Likert Method
Semantic Differential
The Interview
Validity and Reliability of the Interview
Q Methodology
Social Scaling
Scoring Sociometric Choices
The Sociogram
“Guess-who” Technique
Social-distance Scale
Organization of Data Collection
Outside Criteria for Comparison
Limitations and Sources of Error
10. Descriptive Data Analysis.
What Is Statistics?
Parametric and Nonparametric Data
Descriptive and Inferential Analysis
The Organization of Data
Grouped Data Distributions
Statistical Measures
Measures of Central Tendency
Measures of Spread or Dispersion
Normal Distribution
Nonnormal Distributions
Interpreting the Normal Probability Distribution
Practical Applications of the Normal Curve
Measures of Relative Position: Standard Scores
The Z Score (Z)
The T Score (T)
The College Board Score (ZCb).
Percentile Rank.
Measures of Relationship
Pearson’s Product-Moment Coefficient of Correlation (r)
Rank Order Correlation (r)
Phi Correlation Coefficient (f)
Interpretation of a Correlation Coefficient
Misinterpretation of the Coefficient of Correlation
Standard Error of Estimate
A Note of Caution
11. Inferential Data Analysis.
Statistical Inference
The Central Limit Theorem
Parametric Tests
Testing Statistical Significance
The Significance of the Difference between the Means of Two Independent Groups
The Null Hypothesis (Ho)
The Level of Significance
Decision Making
Two-Tailed and One-Tailed Tests of Significance
Degrees of Freedom
A One-Sample Z Test
Student’s Distribution (t)
Significance of the Difference between Two Small Sample Independent Means
Homogeneity of Variances
Significance of the Difference between the Means of Two Matched or correlated Groups (Nonindependent Samples)
Statistical Significance of a Coefficient of correlation
Analysis of Variance (ANOVA)
Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) and Partial Correlation
Multiple Regression and Correlation
Nonparametric Tests
The Chi Square Test (c2)
The Mann-Whitney Test
Outliers and Missing Data
12. Computer Data Analysis.
The Computer
Data Organization
Computer Analysis of Data
Descriptive Statistics
Multiple Regression
Results from Analyses of Appendix B Data
Statistics on the World Wide Web
Qualitative Analyses Using Computer Software
Appendix A: Statistical Formulas and Symbols.
Appendix B: Sample Data.
Appendix C: Percentage of Area Lying Between the Mean and Successive Standard Deviation Units Under the Normal Curve.
Appendix D: Critical Values for Pearson’s Product-Moment Correlation (r).
Appendix E: Critical Values of Student’s Distribution (t).
Appendix F: Abridged Table of Critical Values for Chi Square.
Appendix G: Critical Values of the F Distribution.
Appendix H: Research Report Evaluation.
Appendix I: Answers to Statistics Exercises.

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