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Test Bank for Psychological Science: Modeling Scientific Literacy by Mark Krause

By: Krause
ISBN-10: 0205745695
/ ISBN-13: 9780205745692

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Format: Downloadable ZIP Fille
Authors: Krause
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Description

Table of contents:

Chapter 1: Introducing Psychological Science
Module 1.1: The Science of Psychology
Module 1.2: How Psychology Became a Science
Module 1.3: Putting Psychology to Work: Careers in Psychology and Related Fields
Chapter 2: Reading and Evaluating Scientific Research
Module 2.1: Principles of Scientific Research
Module 2.2: Scientific Research Designs
Module 2.3: Ethics in Psychological Research
Module 2.4: A Statistical Primer
Chapter 3: Biological Psychology
Module 3.1: Genetic and Evolutionary Perspectives on Behavior
Module 3.2: How the Nervous System Works: Cells and Neurotransmitters
Module 3.3: Structure and Organization of the Nervous System
Chapter 4: Sensation and Perception
Module 4.1: Sensation and Perception at a Glance
Module 4.2: The Visual System
Module 4.3: The Auditory System
Module 4.4: Touch and the Chemical Senses
Chapter 5: Consciousness
Module 5.1: Biological Rhythms of Consciousness: Wakefulness and Sleep
Module 5.2: Altered States of Consciousness: Hypnosis, Meditation, and Disorders
Module 5.3: Drugs and Consciousness Experience
Chapter 6: Learning
Module 6.1: Classical Conditioning: Learning by Association
Module 6.2: Operant Conditioning: Learning through Consequences
Module 6.3: Cognitive and Observational Learning
Chapter 7: Memory
Module 7.1: Memory Systems
Module 7.2: Encoding and Retrieving Memories
Module 7.3 Constructing and Reconstructing Memories
Chapter 8: Thought and Language
Module 8.1: The Organization of Knowledge
Module 8.2: Problem Solving, Judgment, and Decision Making
Module 8.3: Language
Chapter 9: Intelligence, Aptitude, and Cognitive Abilities
Module 9.1: Measuring Aptitude and Intelligence
Module 9.2: Understanding Intelligence
Module 9.3: Heredity, Environment and Intelligence
Chapter 10: Lifespan Development
Module 10.1: Methods, Concepts and Prenatal Development
Module 10.2: Infancy and Childhood
Module 10.3: Adolescence
Module 10.4: Adulthood and Aging
Chapter 11: Motivation and Emotion
Module 11.1: Hunger & Eating
Module 11.2: Sexual Motivation
Module 11.3: Social and Achievement Motivation
Module 11.4: Emotion
Chapter 12: Personality
Module 12.1: Contemporary Approaches to Personality
Module 12.2: Cultural and Biological Approaches to Personality
Module 12.3: Psychodynamic and Humanistic Approaches to Personality
Chapter 13: Psychological Disorders
Module 13.1: Defining and Classifying Psychological Disorders
Module 13.2: Personality and Dissociative Disorders
Module 13.3: Anxiety and Mood Disorders
Module 13.4: Schizophrenia
Chapter 14: Therapies
Module 14.1: Treating Psychological Disorders
Module 14.2: Psychological Therapies
Module 14.3: Biomedical Therapies
Chapter 15: Social Psychology
Module 15.1: Social Cognition
Module 15.2: Social Influences
Module 15.3: Helping and Harming Others
Chapter 16: Health, Stress and Coping
Module 16.1: Behavior and Health
Module 16.2: Stress and Illness
Module 16.3: Coping and Well-Being
Chapter 17: Industrial/Organizational Psychology
Module 17.1: Personnel Psychology: Hiring and Maintaining an Effective Workforce
Module 17.2: Attitudes and Affect at Work
Module 17.3: Leadership, Teamwork, and the Organization
COMPREHENSIVE TABLE OF CONTENTS:

Chapter 1: Introducing Psychological Science
Module 1.1: The Science of Psychology
The Scientific Method
Building Scientific Literacy
Module Summary
Module 1.2: How Psychology Became a Science
Psychology’s Philosophical and Scientific Origins
The Beginnings of Contemporary Psychology
Module Summary
Module 1.3: Putting Psychology to Work: Careers in Psychology and Related Fields
Professions in Psychology
Module Summary
Chapter In Focus
Chapter 2: Reading and Evaluating Scientific Research
Module 2.1: Principles of Scientific Research
The Five Characteristics of Quality Scientific Research
Risky Paths to Truth: Anecdotes, Authority and Common Sense
Module Summary
Module 2.2: Scientific Research Designs
Descriptive Research
Correlational Research
Experimental Research
Module Summary
Module 2.3: Ethics in Psychological Research
Promoting Welfare of Research Participants
Ethical Collection, Storage, and Reporting of Data
Module Summary
Module 2.4: A Statistical Primer
Descriptive Statistics
Hypothesis Testing: Evaluating the Outcome of the Study
Module Summary
Chapter In Focus
Chapter 3: Biological Psychology
Module 3.1: Genetic and Evolutionary Perspectives on Behavior
Heredity and Behavior
Evolutionary Insights into Human Behavior
Module Summary
Module 3.2: How the Nervous System Works: Cells and Neurotransmitters
Neural Communication
The Chemical Messengers: Neurotransmitters and Hormones
Module Summary
Module 3.3: Structure and Organization of the Nervous System
Divisions of the Nervous System
The Brain and Its Structures
Windows to the Brain: Measuring and Observing Brain Activity
Module Summary
Chapter In Focus
Chapter 4: Sensation and Perception
Module 4.1: Sensation and Perception at a Glance
Sensing the World around Us
Perceiving the World around Us
Module Summary

Module 4.2: The Visual System
The Human Eye
The Visual Experience
Module Summary
Module 4.3: The Auditory System
Sound and the Structures of the Ear
The Perception of Sound
Module Summary
Module 4.4: Touch and the Chemical Senses
The Sense of Touch
The Chemical Senses: Taste and Smell
Module Summary
Chapter In Focus
Chapter 5: Consciousness
Module 5.1: Biological Rhythms of Consciousness: Wakefulness and Sleep
What Is Sleep?
Why We Need Sleep
Theories of Dreaming
Disorders and Problems with Sleep
Module Summary
Module 5.2: Altered States of Consciousness: Hypnosis, Meditation, and Disorders
Hypnosis
Meditation and Déjà Vu
Disorders of Consciousness
Module Summary
Module 5.3: Drugs and Consciousness Experience
Commonly Abused Illegal Drugs
Legal Drugs and Their Effects on Consciousness
Habitual Drug Use
Module Summary
Chapter In Focus
Chapter 6: Learning
Module 6.1: Classical Conditioning: Learning by Association
Pavlov’s Dogs: Classical Conditioning of Salivation
Processes of Classical Conditioning
Applications of Classical Conditioning
Learning without Awareness
Module Summary
Module 6.2: Operant Conditioning: Learning through Consequences
Processes of Operant Conditioning
Applications of Operant Conditioning
Module Summary
Module 6.3: Cognitive and Observational Learning
Cognitive Perspectives on Learning
Observational Learning
Module Summary
Chapter In Focus
Chapter 7: Memory
Module 7.1: Memory Systems
The Atkinson-Shiffrin Model
The Working Memory Model: An Active STM System
Long-Term Memory Systems: Declarative and Procedural Memories
The Cognitive Neuroscience of Memory
Module Summary
Module 7.2: Encoding and Retrieving Memories
Encoding and Retrieval
Emotional Memories
Forgetting and Remembering
Module Summary
Module 7.3 Constructing and Reconstructing Memories
How Memories Are Organized and Constructed
False Memories: Constructing Memories of What Never Happened
Module Summary
Chapter In Focus
Chapter 8: Thought and Language
Module 8.1: The Organization of Knowledge
Concepts and Categories
Culture and Categories
Module Summary
Module 8.2: Problem Solving, Judgment, and Decision Making
Defining and Solving Problems
Judgment and Decision Making
Module Summary
Module 8.3: Language
What Is Language?
Language Development, Evolution, and the Brain
Module Summary
Chapter In Focus
Chapter 9: Intelligence, Aptitude, and Cognitive Abilities
Module 9.1: Measuring Aptitude and Intelligence
Achievement and Aptitude
Approaches to Intelligence Testing
Module Summary
Module 9.2: Understanding Intelligence
Intelligence as a Single, General Ability
Intelligence as Multiple, Specific Abilities
The Flynn Effect: Is Everyone Getting Smarter?
Module Summary
Module 9.3: Heredity, Environment and Intelligence
Intelligence and Heredity
Environmental Influences on Intelligence
Group Similarities and Differences in Test Scores
Beyond the Test: Personal Beliefs Impact IQ Scores
Module Summary
Chapter In Focus
Chapter 10: Lifespan Development
Module 10.1: Methods, Concepts and Prenatal Development
Measuring Developmental Trends: Methods and Patterns
Prenatal to Newborns: From One Cell to Billions
Module Summary
Module 10.2: Infancy and Childhood
Physical Changes in Infancy and Childhood
Cognitive Changes: Piaget’s Cognitive Development Theory
Social Development: Attachment, Personality, and Reading Others
Module Summary
Module 10.3: Adolescence
Physical Changes in Adolescence
Cognitive Development: Thinking and Moral Reasoning
Social Development: Identity and Relationships
Module Summary
Module 10.4: Adulthood and Aging
Physical Changes in Adulthood
Cognitive Development: Wisdom and Change
Social Development: Intimacy and Commitment
Module Summary
Chapter In Focus
Chapter 11: Motivation and Emotion
Module 11.1: Hunger & Eating
Physiological Aspects of Hunger
Psychological Aspects of Hunger
Disorders of Eating
Module Summary
Module 11.2: Sexual Motivation
Human Sexual Behavior: Psychological and Biological Influences
Sexual Orientation: Biology and Environment
Module Summary
Module 11.3: Social and Achievement Motivation
The Need to Belong
Achievement Motivation
Module Summary
Module 11.4: Emotion
Biology of Emotion
The Psychological Experience of Emotions: Competing Theories
The Role of Culture in Emotions
Module Summary
Chapter In Focus
Chapter 12: Personality
Module 12.1: Contemporary Approaches to Personality
The Trait Perspective
Behaviorist and Social-Cognitive Perspectives
Module Summary

Module 12.2: Cultural and Biological Approaches to Personality
Culture and Personality
How Genes Affect Personality
The Role of Evolution in Personality
The Brain and Personality
Module Summary
Module 12.3: Psychodynamic and Humanistic Approaches to Personality
The Psychodynamic Perspective
Alternatives to the Psychodynamic Approach
Humanistic Perspectives
Module Summary
Chapter In Focus
Chapter 13: Psychological Disorders
Module 13.1: Defining and Classifying Psychological Disorders
Defining Abnormal Behavior
Mental Health in the Public Sphere
Module Summary
Module 13.2: Personality and Dissociative Disorders
Defining and Classifying Personality Disorders
Dissociative Identity Disorder
Module Summary
Module 13.3: Anxiety and Mood Disorders
Anxiety Disorders
Mood Disorders
Module Summary
Module 13.4: Schizophrenia
Symptoms and Types of Schizophrenia
Explaining Schizophrenia
Module Summary
Chapter In Focus
Chapter 14: Therapies
Module 14.1: Treating Psychological Disorders
Barriers to Psychological Treatment
Mental Health Providers and Settings
Evaluating Treatments
Module Summary
Module 14.2: Psychological Therapies
Insight Therapies
Cognitive, Behavioral, and Group Therapies
Can Therapy Be Harmful?
Module Summary
Module 14.3: Biomedical Therapies
Drug Treatments
Technological and Surgical Methods
Module Summary
Chapter In Focus
Chapter 15: Social Psychology
Module 15.1: Social Cognition
Person Perception
Stereotypes Prejudice and Discrimination
Module Summary
Module 15.2: Social Influences
Norms, Role, and Conformity
Group Influence and Authority
Attitudes and Actions
Module Summary
Module 15.3: Helping and Harming Others
Empathy, Altruism, and Helping
Aggression
Module Summary
Chapter In Focus
Chapter 16: Health, Stress and Coping
Module 16.1: Behavior and Health
Smoking
Obesity
Psychosocial Influences on Health
Quick Quiz
Module Summary
Module 16.2: Stress and Illness
Physiology of Stress
Stress, Immunity, and Illness
Stress, Personality, and Illness
Module Summary
Module 16.3: Coping and Well-Being
Coping
Perceived Control
Mediation, Relaxation, and Biofeedback
Nutrition and Exercise
Module Summary
Chapter In Focus
Chapter 17: Industrial/Organizational Psychology
Module 17.1: Personnel Psychology: Hiring and Maintaining an Effective Workforce
Job Analysis: Understanding the Requirements for the Job
Selection: Hiring the Right People
Performance Appraisal
Module Summary
Module 17.2: Attitudes and Affect at Work
Employee Affect, Attitudes, and Job Satisfaction
Workplace Aggression
Module Summary
Module 17.3: Leadership, Teamwork, and the Organization
Finding and Producing Effective Leaders
Working in Teams
Module Summary
Chapter In Focus


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