Testbank for Fundamentals of General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry Plus MasteringChemistry (7th Edition)

  • ISBN-10:  032175011X / ISBN-13:  9780321750112
  • Ebook Details

    • Format: Downloadable ZIP Fille
    • Resource Type : Testbank
    • Authors: John E. McMurry , David S. Ballantine , Carl A. Hoeger , Virginia E. Peterson
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    Table of content:

    1. Matter and Measurements
    1.1 Chemistry: The Central Science
    1.2 States of Matter
    1.3 Classification of Matter
    1.4 Chemical Elements and Symbols
    1.5 Elements and the Periodic Table
    1.6 Chemical Reaction: An Example of a Chemical Change
    1.7 Physical Quantities
    1.8 Measuring Mass, Length, and Volume
    1.9 Measurement and Significant Figures
    1.10 Scientific Notation
    1.11 Rounding Off Numbers
    1.12 Problem Solving: Unit Conversions and Estimating Answers
    1.13 Temperature, Heat, and Energy
    1.14 Density and Specific Gravity
    2. Atoms and the Periodic Table
    2.1 Atomic Theory
    2.2 Elements and Atomic Number
    2.3 Isotopes and Atomic Weight
    2.4 The Periodic Table
    2.5 Some Characteristics of Different Groups
    2.6 Electronic Structure of Atoms
    2.7 Electron Configurations
    2.8 Electron Configurations and the Periodic Table
    2.9 Electron-Dot Symbols
    3. Ionic Compounds
    3.1 Ions
    3.2 Periodic Properties and Ion Formation
    3.3 Ionic Bonds
    3.4 Some Properties of Ionic Compounds
    3.5 Ions and the Octet Rule
    3.6 Ions of Some Common Elements
    3.7 Naming Ions
    3.8 Polyatomic Ions
    3.9 Formulas of Ionic Compounds
    3.10 Naming Ionic Compounds
    3.11 H _ and OH _ Ions: An Introduction to Acids and Bases
    4. Molecular Compounds
    4.1 Covalent Bonds
    4.2 Covalent Bonds and the Periodic Table
    4.3 Multiple Covalent Bonds
    4.4 Coordinate Covalent Bonds
    4.5 Characteristics of Molecular Compounds
    4.6 Molecular Formulas and Lewis Structures
    4.7 Drawing Lewis Structures
    4.8 The Shapes of Molecules
    4.9 Polar Covalent Bonds and Electronegativity
    4.10 Polar Molecules
    4.11 Naming Binary Molecular Compounds
    5. Classification and Balancing of Chemical Reactions
    5.1 Chemical Equations
    5.2 Balancing Chemical Equations
    5.3 Classes of Chemical Reactions
    5.4 Precipitation Reactions and Solubility Guidelines
    5.5 Acids, Bases, and Neutralization Reactions
    5.6 Redox Reactions
    5.7 Recognizing Redox Reactions
    5.8 Net Ionic Equations
    6. Chemical Reactions: Mole and Mass Relationships
    6.1 The Mole and Avogadro’s Number
    6.2 Gram—Mole Conversions
    6.3 Mole Relationships and Chemical Equations
    6.4 Mass Relationships and Chemical Equations
    6.5 Limiting Reagent and Percent Yield
    7. Chemical Reactions: Energy, Rates, and Equilibrium
    7.1 Energy and Chemical Bonds
    7.2 Heat Changes during Chemical Reactions
    7.3 Exothermic and Endothermic Reactions
    7.4 Why Do Chemical Reactions Occur? Free Energy
    7.5 How Do Chemical Reactions Occur? Reaction Rates
    7.6 Effects of Temperature, Concentration, and Catalysts on Reaction Rates
    7.7 Reversible Reactions and Chemical Equilibrium
    7.8 Equilibrium Equations and Equilibrium Constants
    7.9 Le Châtelier’s Principle: The Effect of Changing Conditions on Equilibria
    8. Gases, Liquids, and Solids
    8.1 States of Matter and Their Changes
    8.2 Intermolecular Forces
    8.3 Gases and the Kinetic—Molecular Theory
    8.4 Pressure
    8.5 Boyle’s Law: The Relation between Volume and Pressure
    8.6 Charles’s Law: The Relation between Volume and Temperature
    8.7 Gay-Lussac’s Law: The Relation between Pressure and Temperature
    8.8 The Combined Gas Law
    8.9 Avogadro’s Law: The Relation between Volume and Molar Amount
    8.10 The Ideal Gas Law
    8.11 Partial Pressure and Dalton’s Law
    8.12 Liquids
    8.13 Water: A Unique Liquid
    8.14 Solids
    8.15 Changes of State
    9. Solutions
    9.1 Mixtures and Solutions
    9.2 The Solution Process
    9.3 Solid Hydrates
    9.4 Solubility
    9.5 The Effect of Temperature on Solubility
    9.6 The Effect of Pressure on Solubility: Henry’s Law
    9.7 Units of Concentration
    9.8 Dilution
    9.9 Ions in Solution: Electrolytes
    9.10 Electrolytes in Body Fluids: Equivalents and Milliequivalents
    9.11 Properties of Solutions
    9.12 Osmosis and Osmotic Pressure
    9.13 Dialysis
    10. Acids and Bases
    10.1 Acids and Bases in Aqueous Solution
    10.2 Some Common Acids and Bases
    10.3 The Brønsted—Lowry Definition of Acids and Bases
    10.4 Acid and Base Strength
    10.5 Acid Dissociation Constants
    10.6 Water as Both an Acid and a Base
    10.7 Measuring Acidity in Aqueous Solution: pH
    10.8 Working with pH
    10.9 Laboratory Determination of Acidity
    10.10 Buffer Solutions
    10.11 Acid and Base Equivalents
    10.12 Some Common Acid—Base Reactions
    10.13 Titration
    10.14 Acidity and Basicity of Salt Solutions
    11. Nuclear Chemistry
    11.1 Nuclear Reactions
    11.2 The Discovery and Nature of Radioactivity
    11.3 Stable and Unstable Isotopes
    11.4 Nuclear Decay
    11.5 Radioactive Half-Life
    11.6 Radioactive Decay Series
    11.7 Ionizing Radiation
    11.8 Detecting Radiation
    11.9 Measuring Radiation
    11.10 Artificial Transmutation
    11.11 Nuclear Fission and Nuclear Fusion
    12. Introduction to Organic Chemistry: Alkanes
    12.1 The Nature of Organic Molecules
    12.2 Families of Organic Molecules: Functional Groups
    12.3 The Structure of Organic Molecules: Alkanes and Their Isomers
    12.4 Drawing Organic Structures
    12.5 The Shapes of Organic Molecules
    12.6 Naming Alkanes
    12.7 Properties of Alkanes
    12.8 Reactions of Alkanes
    12.9 Cycloalkanes
    12.10 Drawing and Naming Cycloalkanes
    13. Alkenes, Alkynes, and Aromatic Compounds
    13.1 Alkenes and Alkynes
    13.2 Naming Alkenes and Alkynes
    13.3 The Structure of Alkenes: Cis—Trans Isomerism
    13.4 Properties of Alkenes and Alkynes
    13.5 Types of Organic Reactions
    13.6 Reactions of Alkenes and Alkynes
    13.7 Alkene Polymers
    13.8 Aromatic Compounds and the Structure of Benzene
    13.9 Naming Aromatic Compounds
    13.10 Reactions of Aromatic Compounds
    14. Some Compounds with Oxygen, Sulfur, or a Halogen
    14.1. Alcohols, Phenols, and Ethers
    14.2. Some Common Alcohols
    14.3. Naming Alcohols
    14.4. Properties of Alcohols
    14.5. Reactions of Alcohols
    14.6. Phenols
    14.7. Acidity of Alcohols and Phenols
    14.8. Ethers
    14.9. Thiols and Disulfides
    14.10. Halogen-Containing Compounds
    15. Amines
    15.1. Amines
    15.2. Properties of Amines
    15.3. Heterocyclic Nitrogen Compounds
    15.4. Basicity of Amines
    15.5. Amine Salts
    15.6. Amines in Plants: Alkaloids
    16. Aldehydes and Ketones
    16.1. The Carbonyl Group
    16.2. Naming Aldehydes and Ketones
    16.3. Properties of Aldehydes and Ketones
    16.4. Some Common Aldehydes and Ketones
    16.5. Oxidation of Aldehydes
    16.6. Reduction of Aldehydes and Ketones
    16.7. Addition of Alcohols: Hemiacetals and Acetals
    17. Carboxylic Acids and their Derivatives
    17.1. Carboxylic Acids and Their Derivatives: Properties and Names
    17.2. Some Common Carboxylic Acids
    17.3. Acidity of Carboxylic Acids
    17.4. Reactions of Carboxylic Acids: Ester and Amide Formation
    17.5. Aspirin and Other Over-the-Counter Carboxylic Acid
    17.6. Hydrolysis of Esters and Amides
    17.7. Polyamides and Polyesters
    17.8. Phosphoric Acid Derivatives
    18. Amino Acids and Proteins
    18.1 An Introduction to Biochemistry
    18.2 Protein Structure and Function: An Overview
    18.3 Amino Acids
    18.4 Acid—Base Properties of Amino Acids
    18.5 Handedness
    18.6 Molecular Handedness and Amino Acids
    18.7 Primary Protein Structure
    18.8 Shape-Determining Interactions in Proteins
    18.9 Secondary Protein Structure
    18.10 Tertiary Protein Structure
    18.11 Quaternary Protein Structure
    18.12 Chemical Properties of Proteins
    19. Enzymes and Vitamins
    19.1 Catalysis by Enzymes
    19.2 Enzyme Cofactors
    19.3 Enzyme Classification
    19.4 How Enzymes Work
    19.5 Effect of Concentration on Enzyme Activity
    19.6 Effect of Temperature and pH on Enzyme Activity
    19.7 Enzyme Regulation: Feedback and Allosteric Control
    19.8 Enzyme Regulation: Inhibition
    19.9 Enzyme Regulation: Covalent Modification and Genetic Control
    19.10 Vitamins and Minerals
    20. The Generation of Biochemical Energy
    20.1. Energy and Life
    20.2. Energy and Biochemical Reactions
    20.3. Cells and Their Structure
    20.4. An Overview of Metabolism and Energy Production
    20.5. Strategies of Metabolism: ATP and Energy Transfer
    20.6. Strategies of Metabolism: Metabolic Pathways and Coupled Reactions
    20.7. Strategies of Metabolism: Oxidized and Reduced Coenzymes
    20.8. The Citric Acid Cycle
    20.9. The Electron-Transport Chain and ATP Production
    20.10. Harmful Oxygen By-Products and Antioxidant Vitamins
    21. Carbohydrates
    21.1 An Introduction to Carbohydrates
    21.2. Handedness of Carbohydrates
    21.3. The D and L Families of Sugars: Drawing Sugar Molecules
    21.4. Structure of Glucose and Other Monosaccharides
    21.5. Some Important Monosaccharides
    21.6. Reactions of Monosaccharides
    21.7. Disaccharides
    21.8. Variations on the Carbohydrate Theme
    21.9. Some Important Polysaccharides
    22. Carbohydrate Metabolism
    22.1. Digestion of Carbohydrates
    22.2. Glucose Metabolism: An Overview
    22.3. Glycolysis
    22.4. Entry of Other Sugars into Glycolysis
    22.5. The Fate of Pyruvate
    22.6. Energy Output in Complete Catabolism of Glucose
    22.7. Regulation of Glucose Metabolism and Energy Production
    22.8. Metabolism in Fasting and Starvation
    22.9. Metabolism in Diabetes Mellitus
    22.10. Glycogen Metabolism: Glycogenesis and Glycogenolysis
    22.11. Gluconeogenesis: Glucose from Noncarbohydrates
    23. Lipids
    23.1. Structure and Classification of Lipids
    23.2. Fatty Acids and Their Esters
    23.3. Properties of Fats and Oils
    23.4. Chemical Reactions of Triacylglycerols
    23.5. Phospholipids and Glycolipids
    23.6. Sterols
    23.7. Structure of Cell Membranes
    23.8. Transport Across Cell Membranes
    23.9. Eicosanoids: Prostaglandins and Leukotrienes
    24. Lipid Metabolism
    24.1 Digestion of Triacylglycerols
    24.2. Lipoproteins for Lipid Transport
    24.3. Triacylglycerol Metabolism: An Overview
    24.4. Storage and Mobilization of Triacylglycerols
    24.5. Oxidation of Fatty Acids
    24.6. Energy from Fatty Acid Oxidation
    24.7. Ketone Bodies and Ketoacidosis
    24.8. Biosynthesis of Fatty Acids
    25. Nucleic Acids and Protein Synthesis
    25.1. DNA, Chromosomes, and Genes
    25.2. Composition of Nucleic Acids
    25.3. The Structure of Nucleic Acid Chains
    25.4. Base Pairing in DNA: The Watson—Crick Model
    25.5. Nucleic Acids and Heredity
    25.6. Replication of DNA
    25.7. Structure and Function of RNA
    25.8. Transcription: RNA Synthesis
    25.9. The Genetic Code
    25.10. Translation: Transfer RNA and Protein Synthesis
    26. Genomics
    26.1. Mapping the Human Genome
    26.2. A Trip Along a Chromosome
    26.3. Mutations and Polymorphisms
    26.4. Recombinant DNA
    26.5. Genomics: Using What We Know
    27. Protein and Amino Acid Metabolism
    27.1. Digestion of Proteins
    27.2. Amino Acid Metabolism: An Overview
    27.3. Amino Acid Catabolism: The Amino Group
    27.4. The Urea Cycle
    27.5. Amino Acid Catabolism: The Carbon Atoms
    27.6. Biosynthesis of Nonessential Amino Acids
    28. Chemical Messengers: Hormones, Neurotransmitters, and Drugs
    28.1. Messenger Molecules
    28.2. Hormones and the Endocrine System
    28.3. How Hormones Work: Epinephrine and Fight-or-Flight
    28.4. Amino Acid Derivatives and Polypeptides as Hormones
    28.5. Steroid Hormones
    28.6. Neurotransmitters
    28.7. How Neurotransmitters Work: Acetylcholine, Its Agonists and Antagonists
    28.8. Histamine and Antihistamines
    28.9. Serotonin, Norepinephrine, and Dopamine
    28.10. Neuropeptides and Pain Relief
    28.11. Drug Discovery and Drug Design
    29. Body Fluids
    29.1 Body Water and Its Solutes
    29.2. Fluid Balance
    29.3. Blood
    29.4. Plasma Proteins, White Blood Cells, and Immunity
    29.5. Blood Clotting
    29.6. Red Blood Cells and Blood Gases
    29.7. The Kidney and Urine Formation
    29.8. Urine Composition and Function


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